Reading Materials & Links to Sites

Oncountry Learning Crew from 2005 Course at Landing Point in Barmah Forest for session on Land Water issues with guest speakers from Yorta Yorta Nations and Land, Water authorities. Many of these students have completed their Degrees and are now working in their different chosen career paths, some are lawyers and others have continued their studies at the post graduate level. Once exposed to the plight of the Yorta Yorta people and the injustices that they have endured since colonisation many have become supporters of the successful campaign for the Barmah-Millewa National Parks. Many thanks go out to them for walking in solidarity with us and for their contribution to the cause.
Readings and Links to Relevant Sites
Please not this is a working site where relvant materials on Yorta Yorta history, culture, and issues on the Barmah-Millewa Forest wetlands, and the Oncountry Learning course, become available. It provides a broad brush of written, oral, and video materials on the Yorta Yorta struggle for land justice that culminated in the Native Title Claim, 1994-2002, and the more recent campaign for the decleration of the Barmah-Millewa National Park weltlands and the Land Management ownership and management now being negotiated between the Yorta Yorta Nations Aboriginal Corporation and Federal, State and Local Governments. Hope you enjoy the diversity of materials provided by Indigenous and non Indigenous scholars.
Key Readings
*Alford, K. White-Washing Away Native Title Rights: The Yorta Yorta Land Claim and the Tide of History, in ARENA journal no. 13, 1999, pp. 1-15.
Atkinson, W.R.Ngariarty: Speaking Strong: The Schools of Human Experience, Chapter on Cummera Walk Off, in First Australian, ed Rachel Perkins & Marcia Langton, The Miegunyah Press,Carlton Victoria, 2008, pp.285-287.
Atkinson, W.R. Relationship between Land and Water Research paper prepared for Yorta Yorta Nations Inc, 1997.
Atkinson, W.R. Yorta Yorta Survival, Chapter 3, PhD Thesis, Law and Legal Studies, LaTrobe University, 2000.
Atkinson, W.R A Holistic View of Land & Heritage , Working Paper, Department of Political Science, University of Melbourne, 2004.
Atkinson, W.R. Not One Iota: The Yorta Yorta Struggle for Land Justice, PhD Thesis, Law and Legal Studies, LaTrobe University, 2000.
Atkinson, W.R. Koori Cultural Heritage & the Struggle for Ownership and Control, Department of Political Science, 2000.
Atkinson.W.R. Searching for the origins of Reserves through the lenses of Cummeragunja: The Irish Connection, Draft Paper in print, 2008.
Atkinson, N. The Struggle for Identity , Age Article, Opinion Section, 2 January, 2006.
Barwick, D. ‘Coranderrk and Cummeragunja: Pioneers and Policy‘, in Opportunity and Response: Case Studies in Economic Development, eds T.S Epstein & D.H. Penny, Hurst, London, 1972, pp.44-68.
Battiste, M. & Henderson, James (Sa’ke’j) J. Y. eds Protecting Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage: A Global Challenge, Purich Publishing Ltd. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan Canada, Chapters 1-3, pp.18-72.
Briggs, P. Were Aborigines Too , The Age, 23 August, 2006.
Bourke,C., Bourke,E.,Edwards, W., Two laws: One Land, in Aboriginal Australia, 1994, pp.49-64.
Christie, M. Aborigines in Colonial Victoria 1835-1886, Sydney University Press, Sydney, 1979: Chapter 7 Aboriginal Reserves, pp. 157-177.
Curr, E.M.Recollections of Squatting in Victoria: Then Called the Port Phillip District from 1841-1851 , 2nd edition, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1965 (First published in 1883), pp.76-88.
Bartlett, R. The Mabo Decision Butterworth, Sydney, 1993, pp.5-26.
Bourke, C & Cox, H. Aboriginal Australian, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia, 1994.
Bourke, C & Cox, H. Two laws: One Land, in C. Bourke, E, Bourke & B. Edwards, eds Aboriginal Australia, 1994, pp.49-64.
Cato, N. Mister Maloga, University of Queensland Press, Brisbane, 1976. Chapter 4. The Path to Maloga, pp.30-37.
Christie, M.F. Aborigines in Colonial Victoria 1835-1886, Sydney University Press, Sydney, 1979: Chapter 7 Aboriginal Reserves, pp. 157-177
Cooper, William, Australian Aborigines League, AAL, 1937-1950.
Curr, E.M. Recollections of Squatting in Victoria: Then Called the Port Phillip District from 1841-1851 , 2nd edition, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne, 1965 (First published in 1883), pp.76-88.
Dodson, M. Cultural Rights and Educational Responsibilities: The Frank Archibald Memorial Lecture Series, The University of New England, Armidale, 5 September 1994, pp.5-16.
Dodson. P. Lingiari-Until The Chains Are Broken, Paper Presented at the 4th Annual Vincent Lingiari Memorial Lecture, Northern Territory University, 27 August 1999
Flood, J.Archaeology of the Dreamtime, Harper Collins Publishers Australia, 2000, Chapter 1. Documents of Stone and Bone, pp.1-6.
Gregson, A.Riddle solved. Article on new dates for Kow Swamp skeletal remains: in Riverine Herald, McPherson News, Tuesday, January 13, 2005.
Goston, O & Chong, A.Living Wisdom: Aborigines and the Environment: in C. Bourke, E. Bourke, & E. Edwards, eds Aboriginal Australia, University of Queensland Press, pp 123-139.
Cooper, William, Australian Aborigines League, AAL, 1937-1950.
Goodall, H. Invasion to Embassy: Land in Aboriginal Politics in New South Wales, 1770-1972, Allen & Unwin in Association with Black Books, 1996, (Chapter 9. The Cummera Strike), pp.123-154.
Hawker, C. Why are Blackfellas so darn good at Footy? Research Essay from Oncountry Learning course, 2009.
Healey, J. edAboriginal Land Rights: Issues in Society, The Spinney Press, Rozelle NSW, 2002, pp. 1-44.
Hon Elizabeth Evatt AC. Review of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Protection Act, 1984 (Chapter 2. Overview of the Act: Problems Addressed in the Report), pp.5-19.
Horner, J. Vote Ferguson for Aboriginal Freedom: January 1938: The Day of Mourning, Australian & New Zealand Book Company, Sydney, pp. 56-80.
Indigenous Cultural Heritage: Cross Cultural Perceptions, From: Bird, G. The Process of Law in Australia: Intercultural Perspectives, Butterworths Publishers Melbourne, 1993, pp.56-120, (Chapter 2. Cultural Heritage), and the Australian Archaeology Journal, 16. 1983, pp.2-6
Jackomos, A & Fowell, D. Living Aboriginal History of Victoria: Stories in the Oral Tradition, Museum of Victoria, Cambridge University Press, Melbourne, 1991, pp.178-193 (Extracts of Oral Knowledge)
Janke T. Our Culture: Our Future: Report on the Australian Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, Canberra, 1998, (Part 1. The Nature of Indigenous Cultural and Intellectual Property). Chapter 3. The major concern of Indigenous people identified in report; Chapter 6. Current Position under cultural heritage laws).
Kerriush, V & Perrin, C.Awash in Colonialism: The Members of the Yorta Yorta Aboriginal Community v The State of Victoria and Ors, (1998), in Alternative Law Journal January 1999,pp. 1-18
La Nauze, J. A river runs through it , Vol, 41, No 1, January, 3013, p.14
Land, C. Representations of gender in E. M. Curr’s Recollections of Squatting in Victoria, Honours Research Essay, Department of History, University of Melbourne, 2001
Langton, M. Recognising Indigenous Cultures as a Valid Part of Australian Heritage, Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation Publications.
Laurandos, H. Continent of Hunter Gatherers: New Perspectives in Australian Prehistory, Cambridge University Press, 1997 (Chapter 1. Changing Perspectives), pp.1-25.
Mansell, M. 1992, ‘The Court Gives An Inch But Takes A Mile‘, Aboriginal Law Bulletin, vol. 2, no. 57, pp.4-6
Morgan, R. ‘ Reminiscences of the Aboriginal Station Cummeragunga’ and its Aboriginal people ‘, (A limited edition of 500 copies published in 1952 by a group of friends of the author).
Miller, C. Salinity Report warns of Disaster, Age News Section, 23 October, 1999.
Ramsar Wetlands Report – February 2, 2009
Reynolds, H. Segregation, assimilation, self-determination, In John Wilson, Jane Thomson & Anthony McMahon, eds The Australian Welfare State, Macmillan Education Australia, South Melbourne, 1996, pp.128-139.
Roberts, D. Self-determination and the Struggle for Aboriginal Equality, In Bourke, C. Bourke, E. & Edwards, W. eds Aboriginal Australia, University of Queensland Press, St Lucia Queensland, 1994, Chapter 13, pp. 212-236
Strong, G. A River Runs Through It But for How Much Longer, The Sunday Age, 7 June, 1998.
Stanner, W.E.H. The Dreaming, in W.H. Edwards, ed Traditional Aboriginal Society, Macmillan Australia, 1987 (Chapter 13.), 225-236.
The Water Rat Story as told by Shane Charles, Oncountry, 2013, from Ronald Morgan, 1952, transcribed by Andrea James, 2003.
Wood, C. Institutional Racism and the Dharnya Centre , Research Essay, Oncountry Learning course, 2012.
Yorta Yorta Nations Inc: Final Report on Management Plan for Yorta Yorta Cultural Environmental Heritage Project, 1999.
Yorta Yorta v State of Victoria and Ors (1998): The Olney J. Decision.
Yunupinga, G. We know these things to be true, Third Vincent Lingiari Memorial Lecture, August 1998.
Lecture Materials:
Barmah-Millewa National Park, 2005
Joint Management & Yorta Yorta, 2004
Management Agreements & Indigenous People, NSW, 2004
Victorian National Parks Association : Barmah-Millewa Project
Yorta Yorta & Media Representations, 2004
The Need for a cross-border Barmah-Millewa National Park & Joint Management with the Yorta Yorta, 2010
Research Papers on National Parks and the Yorta Yorta, 2010
Cultural-Tourism and the Yorta Yorta, 2010.
National Parks & Joint Management, 2009
Yorta Yorta Nation Aborignal Cooperative
Friends of the Earth Campaign for National Parks
Victorian National Parks Association Red Gums Campaign
National Parks Association, New South Wales, Save the Red Gums Campaign
Other Materials on Yorta Yorta can be found at the following websites:
Reflections on the Yorta Yorta Native Title Claim, 1994-2003’ at:
‘Balancing the scales of Indigenous Land Justice in Victoria, 2006’ at:
Dharnya Centre Page at:
Community Perspectives on Native Title:
Summary of Cooperative Management Agreemnat:

Yorta Yorta Creation Story:


Biami Creation Story: Name of author to be supplied (c)


Story of the Lakes: Artwork of Norm Stewart, Yorta Yorta 

Online Material




POLS30028 On Country Learning Briefing Notes – 2018

POLS30028 On Country Subject Guide 2018_final





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